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EOD政策篇|EOD項目實施全過程(內附詳細流程清單)

2022-11-04 09:29:34來源:辰于公司 閱讀量:3090

導讀:本文旨在通過對當下各EOD項目情況的整理分析,梳理出EOD項目實施的三大基本流程,包括前期準備和立項、項目申報、落地實施,為行業相關聯者提供鏡鑒。
  導讀
 
  當前,EOD第一批試點項目剛剛展開,第二批試點項目大部分還處于剛剛完成立項的狀態,對于EOD項目的運作模式的流程參考尚不成熟。而地方上的EOD項目方興未艾,且管理有待加強。
 
  本文旨在通過對當下各EOD項目情況的整理分析,梳理出EOD項目實施的三大基本流程,包括前期準備和立項、項目申報、落地實施,為行業相關聯者提供鏡鑒。
 
  階段一:前期準備和立項
 
  (一)EOD項目包裝和謀劃
 
  在項目包裝和謀劃階段,主要完成的任務是科學確立環境治理內容并合理規劃相關聯產業項目。環境治理內容通常包括廢棄礦山修復、河道水系流域治理、全域土地綜合整治、農村人居環境改善和固廢治理等,一般需結合當地的國土空間規劃和環境規劃而因地制宜。關聯產業的規劃則需要結合當地的資源稟賦和產業基礎,但前提條件必須是實現和環境治理項目的融合發展,實踐中比較常見的有生態農業、旅游、康養、科創、清潔能源等,可參閱之前發布的《EOD系列之項目篇03|產業融合是EOD的關鍵要義,產業互補才是好的“融合” 》。
 
  (二)申報資料和審批手續的準備
 
  《生態環保金融支持項目儲備庫入庫指南(試行)》對申報所需的材料進行了詳細的羅列,其中包括項目的可研報告(在實際操作中一般將環境治理項目、關聯產業項目分開編制);按照生態環境部文件要求內容編制的EOD項目入庫實施方案;確認實施主體,由申報實體和實施主體共同蓋章的承諾函以及其他有關項目申請及立項過程中文件。
 
  階段二:項目申報
 
  在項目申報階段,主要由系統申報和兩輪專家論證評估組成。首先,實施主體需要將上述準備階段的文件,包括實施方案及可研報告、立項手續、承諾函等報至縣級及以上生態環境部門,再由其通過系統線上申報至省級生態環境部門進行第一輪的專家論證評估。省級生態環境部門需要組織專家對該項目出具項目論證評估意見,之后再由省級部門將方案報送國家生態環境部。在這里,生態環境部將組織專家進行第二批項目論證,只有通過這一輪專家論證的項目,才可以被準予進入“生態環保金融支持項目儲備庫”。
 
  階段三:招標實施
 
  (一)確定實施模式
 
  在項目申報入庫成功之后,可以開始啟動招標實施階段工作。首先,需確定項目實施模式。EOD項目的實施一般采用PPP、“流域治理+片區開發”、ABO[1]等模式。鑒于EOD模式的實施涉及不同行業的不同具體項目內容,在實踐中EOD項目落地也經常采取混合模式,即其中一個或部分子項目采用PPP模式,其他子項目采用“流域治理+片區開發”、ABO模式。
 
  (二)編制相關規劃
 
  在確認相應的實施模式之后,需根據實際情況進行實施方案的編制。首先要在能夠實現項目整體收益與平衡的基礎上,編制項目的投融資規劃及資金平衡方案。其次,需要確認具體的項目落地實施方案,內容包括項目的投融資架構、項目的交易結構、收益來源、回報機制、與社會資本的合作邊界、項目土地、資源開發利用、社會資本采購等事項。
 
  (三)對接相關資源
 
  最后,憑借上述的準備方案,實施主體可以開始對接國開行或其他金融機構確定項目貸款相關事項。同時開展對接社會資本、招標代理機構等工作,準備項目招標的事宜。
 
  [1]當前,ABO模式并未得到官方正式認可,其最大的問題是缺乏明確的法律依據,并且2021年財政部公布的《對十三屆全國人大四次會議第9528號建議的答復(財金函〔2021〕40號)》表達了監管部門對ABO模式的疑慮,財政部認為ABO模式“尚無制度規范,存在一定地方政府隱性債務風險隱患”。這使得市場對于該模式一直存在質疑,但隨著實踐中越來越多的項目選擇采用ABO模式,對其進行政策和法律規范也不會太久,通過規范化,消除ABO模式實施中的合規風險,可以進一步發揮其優勢。
 
  附錄:EOD項目申報工作流程及界面清單
 

 

表一:EOD項目申報工作流程及界面清單
 

 
表一:EOD項目申報工作流程及界面清單(續)
 
  作者:王浩然、馮凡、李初蒙、肖迪文、甘振宇

  原標題:EOD系列之政策篇04|EOD項目實施全過程(內附詳細流程清單)

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